So many different IT systems and devices, so little time for compliance. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent up to 99% of national economies and a huge market for IT products. The wide variety of systems in use in the SME sector makes it a breeding ground for vulnerabilities and cyberattacks. Yet so far, suitable solutions to help SMEs be compliant in information security have been lacking.
SMEs are generally budget constrained and have little time to stay on top of IT configurations and security settings. Regulators remain unsympathetic – information security is a cost of doing business. Companies that do not audit or assess their security or cannot otherwise prove appropriate information security controls are subject to fines and sanction, putting their hard earned reputations at risk. Automating monitoring and reporting of system and device compliance can make a significant difference. It can reduce effort and increase reliability, helping SMEs meet their compliance obligations more easily and cost effectively, while reinforcing the confidence of their partners and clients.
Compliance and Security Challenges Facing SMEs
On its own, one small or medium-sized business may not have a large IT installation. IT infrastructures and security profiles, however, will vary considerably from business to business. What makes one company compliant cannot be copied over to another company. Even 1% of noncompliance can then be enough to make a company vulnerable to cyberattacks or incidents, which is why auditors are so fastidious when they check.
IT vendors do not always help matters either. Their IT products are usually destined for a wide range of uses, meaning that restrictive security settings may not be part of default configurations. Some vulnerabilities even exist right ‘out of the box’. Between new and legacy systems, there are hundreds of types of machines. According to end-user needs, there are then thousands or more possible configurations. This complexity increases yet again with combinations of cloud systems and on-premise data centers, as well as other devices used by external users and advisory networks that all need to be connected.
To compound the problem, the specialist knowledge to ensure compliance is lacking in many SMEs. Even when an SME has employees who know about compliance with industry standards and who know about information technology, there is no guarantee that all this knowledge exists in one person. Different individuals often have separate areas of expertise, leaving a gap between regulatory requirements and IT actions.
Options for Assessing and Improving Compliance
Unlike annual fire safety inspections, information security compliance is a continual activity. IT vendors constantly update the versions of their operating systems and systems, making a compliance a moving target. Cybercriminals are a round-the-clock threat. Thanks to internet, hackers from halfway across the world can threaten a company’s data center, day and night.
There are several ways that SMEs might approach their information security compliance, each with its limitations. There is unfortunately no “silver bullet”. A better solution is a program that combines different approaches, using the advantages of each one and avoiding or compensating for the limitations. Here are some primary elements:
Smart Automation, Key to Efficiency and Affordability
Vulnerability scans and checklist assessments, coupled with periodic controls assessments, stand out as the approaches with the potential for covering the most compliance at the least cost. This is largely due to the possibilities of automating them and the extensive databases of information available for use with them. What cannot be automated will need to be accomplished manually. Examples include penetration testing and security hardening of proprietary developments that do not feature in standard checklists. These automated and manual procedures should also be integrated into a larger information security program for prevention and remediation of IT security threats and incidents, with end user security awareness training, endpoint protection, firewalls, SIEM, intrusion detection systems, and other measures as appropriate.
As well as offering wide coverage for compliance and the software audit trails to prove it, there is another advantage to automated solutions. They force hackers and cybercriminals to ‘up their game’ or to seek another easier target. In many cases, attackers choose the second option, preferring not to waste time attacking an organization that has already extensively checked and corrected vulnerability and compliance issues. Automated checking can also be extended across onsite and in-cloud systems, as well as mobile computing devices such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops. In addition, automated solutions may offer benchmarking to show how an organization’s security posture compares with the rest of the industry. Good posture makes for good public relations. This can help improve the organization’s corporate image as being secure and responsible in matters of information and data protection and privacy.
For SMEs or other organizations with limited technical expertise in-house, an automated solution for information security compliance must also offer suitable user-friendliness. Administrators or users should be able to see the security and compliance status of their company at a glance, for example, via an intuitive dashboard. They should also be able to easily achieve optimal security settings across systems and devices, independently of their location. Continually monitoring configurations, the solution must also immediately alert users or management to changes in configuration, especially those that result in non-compliance. Additional functionality such as checking that necessary security scans are being done regularly and verification of disk data encryption can also contribute to a well-rounded view for an SME of its security and compliance posture.
Responsibilities and Results
While smart software can go a long way to help ensure compliance and security, the organization and its users always retain the final responsibility. An automated solution can find issues, flag them, and even suggest ways to remediate them. Users then make or authorize suitable changes. A software solution does not in itself guarantee compliance, although it can provide valuable records of compliance settings and changes.
Nonetheless, all enterprises and organizations, and SMEs especially, can take advantage of such a solution for faster, better, more affordable compliance and security checking. By leveraging vendor and government checklist data and monitoring IT security essentials effortlessly via a suitable software application, they can meet requirements of auditors and regulators and significantly reduce the risks of IT system and network attacks.